Association pour le Développement Communautaire au Sahel (ADCS) is a local non-profit organisation based in Timbuktu, Mali. We are accredited by the Malian Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization "La loi n* 04-038/AN - RM du 5 août 2004 relative aux associations en République du Mali".
MISSION & VISION
Improving the well-being of people in the region of Timbuktu, specifically by helping improve social services with respect to education, healthcare, sustainable environment, and solar energy. Our organization considers these issues essential for human dignity and the advancement of human rights.
Empowering our communities with resources and tools to meet our own needs. Our strength lies not only in the words we stand by, but most importantly through the actions of our initiatives related to community development. We believe that when we work together, we create opportunities to overcome the challenges facing our communities efficiently.
In developing countries, hunger and malnutrition account for the death of one child every six seconds, and school feeding programs contribute greatly to the quality of a child’s health, life, and chance for survival. As children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of malnutrition during the first few years of life, nutrition-based development programs seek to intervene during this critical phase of growth. In this manner, targeting school children through school feeding programs gives the best chances to fight malnutrition during a child’s most critical years of development.
School feeding program is considered to be far from food giving: it is an investment in the world's poorest children and an investment in the common future and world stability, it also brings children into school and out of hunger. Moreover, schoolchildren who do not eat breakfast at home or at school were less able to learn, and hunger can lead to lower math scores, attention problems, behavior issues and emotional imbalances. In addition, children who lack certain nutrients in their diet, or who suffer from protein-energy malnutrition, hunger, parasitic infections or other diseases, do not have the same potential for learning as healthy and well-nourished children.
“Since the donation of milk and biscuit for first grade students, there has been a significant increase in student attendance. The donation allowed the students to concentrate during class time”. The school Director, Abdoulaye Alhousseini
PILOT STUDY RESULTS IN 2020
1st phase of the pilot scheme
Prior to starting the breakfast program, children attendance was about 51%, but now with the breakfast program, children attendance varies between 81% to 90%. The learning level of children improved at 57 %. At the beginning of the program, we started with 115 children in one class and we now have between 181 to 189, as a result of the breakfast program.
Before the breakfast program, children learning level:
reading 35%, writing 45% arithmetic 51%.
However, with the breakfast program, the learning level of children increased:
reading 53%, writing 71% and arithmetic 61%.
2nd phase of the pilot scheme, and same group of schoolchildren:
Attendance increased by 95% and the learning level of the schoolchildren improved with a percentage of 77%. In the 1st phase, the grade percentage was between 59% to 61% and now it is 79%. The school has seen a change in children's learning level, which is more alert to learn and a desire to be in class.
Educational attainment increased in all of the following subjects:
Prior to starting the pilot scheme,
Attendance 51 %; Arithmetic 51%; Reading 35%; Writing 45%,
1st phase of the pilot scheme results,
Attendance 81 % to 90 %; Arithmetic 61%; Reading 53%; Writing 71%,
2nd phase of the pilot scheme results,
Attendance 95%; Arithmetic 69%; Reading 63%; Writing 75%,
Mahamane Fondogoumo school in Timbuktu becomes more and more attractive to schoolchildren, as a result of the breakfast program.
More than 300 000 children under 5 years die every year in the Sahel from malnutrition. The poor quality of water is aggravating the health condition of these populations (UNICEF).
Children in northern Mali are among the most vulnerable in the Sahel regions, confronting a number of issues like food and nutrition crisis from the prolonged drought; they also face displacement and the impact of armed conflict in the north. The net enrollment rate for the primary school cycle at a national level is around 60.1%, which is below the average when compared to Sub-Saharan Africa, and this number is lower in other parts of the country like Mopti, Timbuktu and Kidal, where rates are below 50%. Low school attendance exacerbated by frequent unfavorable climatic conditions in the country, food insecurity, and vulnerability, which affects nearly 40% of the population, and malnutrition which 43.3% of children suffer from.
Food insecurity and hunger have plagued Mali for many years now. During lean periods even in non-crisis years, 11 percent of households are severely food insecure and 17 percent are moderately food insecure. As a result of the political crisis and related insecurity in 2012, more than 1.5 million people in the country remain food insecure with the number expected to have increased to 1.9 million people during the lean season.
SOLAR-POWERED WATER DISTRIBUTION
Timbuktu is located in the Republic of Mali at the edge of the Sahara desert. The city of Timbuktu was established in the 12th century and became an important commercial center. The city gained widespread prominence as an intellectual capital in the 15th century Storytellers mention that the city has its roots in a nomadic summer camp set up a few miles from the river Niger, as a base from which they could pasture and water their camels during the period of intense heat. This position proved strategic for commerce and soon attracted many settlers
The settlement was important not only because of its location at the junction of the dry Sahara and the lush central valley of the river Niger, but because the river itself constituted an easy pathway for transporting goods to and from the more tropical regions of West Africa. Although merchants settled there early on and were subsequently followed by Muslim scholars much later, after the establishment of a permanent community, the population of Timbuktu was always mixed. Thus founded by the Imagharen Tuareg, it was settled by Arabs from various Saharan oases, by Soninke merchants and scholars, Songhai, initially as conquerors, and by Fulani pastoralists. Today Songhai is still the dominant language, but Arabic and Tamasheq are also widely used.
Mali, landlocked country in western Africa and it is largely flat and arid. The Niger River flows through its interior, functioning as the main trading and transport artery in the country. Sections of the river flood periodically, providing much-needed fertile agricultural soil along its banks as well as creating pasture for livestock.
Mali is one of the largest countries in Africa, it has a relatively small population, which is largely centered along the Niger River. The Bambara ethnic group and language predominate, with several other groups—including the Fulani (Fulbe), Dogon and Tuareg —also present in the population. Agriculture is the dominant economic sector in the country, with cotton production, cattle and camel herding, and fishing among the major activities.
The area that is now Mali was once part of the three great precolonial Sudanic empires: Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. For centuries, caravans crossed the Sahara desert from North Africa while others came from the forest regions to the south, meeting at the crossroads of Timbuktu. Other notable towns include Djenne, noted for its famous mosque and other examples of Sudanese architecture, and Mopti, a bustling market centre. The Dogon region, centered on the Bandiagara escarpment in the country’s central area, is an important tourist destination because of its unique cliffside villages and diverse artistic life. The national capital, Bamako, is located on the Niger River and is a rapidly growing city because of increased migration from the depressed rural areas.
Republique Du Mali
Form of Government
Multiparty republic with one legislative house “National Assembly”
Population Projection 2030
0-14 years: 48.03% (male 4,449,790 /female 4,402,076)
15-24 years: 18.89% (male 1,657,609 /female 1,823,453)
25-54 years: 26.36% (male 2,243,158 /female 2,615,695)
55-64 years: 3.7% (male 346,003 /female 335,733)
65 years and over: 3.02% (male 277,834 /female 278,542) (2018 est.)
Total: 15.8 years (2018 est.)
Male: 15.2 years
Female: 16.5 years
Population Growth Age
2.98% (2018 est.)
Urban -Rural Population
Male: 65.7 years (2016)
Female: 68.2 years (2016)
43.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urban population: 43.1% of total population (2019)
Rate of urbanization: 4.86% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Infant Mortality Rate
T otal: 67.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 73.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 61.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Total Fertility Rate
5.9 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Drinking Water Source
improved: urban: 96.5% of population
rural: 64.1% of population
total: 77% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.5% of population
rural: 35.9% of population
total: 23% of population (2015 est.)
Major Infectious Diseases
Degree of risk: very high (2016)
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2016)
Vector borne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)
Water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)
Animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)
Bambara 33.3%, Fulani (Peuhl) 13.3%, Sarakole/Soninke/Marka 9.8%, Senufo/Manianka 9.6%, Malinke 8.8%, Dogon 8.7%, Sonrai 5.9%, Bobo 2.1%, Tuareg/Bella 1.7%, other Malian 6%, from member of Economic Community of West Africa .4%, other .3% (2018 est.)
Muslim 93.9%, Christian 2.8%, Animist .7%, none 2.5% (2018 est.)
French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peuhl/Foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/Soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/Djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, Bobo 2.1%, unspecified 0.7%, other 6.3% (2009 est.)
Age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 33.1%
female: 22.2% (2015 est.)
Projected Years of Attending School
total: 7 years
male: 8 years
female: 7 years (2015)
Information compiled from Multiple sources: Indexmundi, UNICEF, Mali bureau of stats, WFP, Edwards and Al, etc.